Issues Home About Contact Us Issue 29 - September 2023 عربى
Terminology Corner
Stakeholder participation

A relationship in which stakeholders are able to negotiate with decision makers and have real influence on planning, policies and programs.[1]

[1]    Sherry R. Arnstein’s “A Ladder of Citizen Participation,” Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 35, No. 4, July 1969


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