This term can be used in many situations, but it has been the concept is best defined in the context of food security. Although many definitions exist, civil society (including HIC-HLRN), along with FAO representatives have developed the following definition that has been used by the Committee on World Food Security (CFS).
Protracted crisis is understood to describe contexts and situations that share certain key characteristics, while simultaneously recognizing that no agreed definition of the terms exist. No single characteristic identifies a protracted crisis. The absence of one or more of the characteristics outlined below does not necessarily mean that there is not a protracted crisis situation.
Shared characteristics of protracted crises can include multiple underlying causes; recurrent human-made and/or natural disasters; duration or longevity; conflict and/or insecurity; weak governance; unsustainable and vulnerable livelihood systems; poor food security outcomes; poor agricultural growth; limited public and/or informal institutional capacity to respond to or address critical issues. Food insecurity is a common manifestation of protracted crises.
Furthermore, it is understood that a protracted crisis may be limited to a particular geographic area of a State, or a territory, and may not affect the entire population. Similarly, a protracted crisis may also have a regional, transboundary aspect and impact. It is thus recognized that a considerable degree of heterogeneity among protracted crisis situations, including capacity to cope, scale and underlying causes, exists. Nonetheless, protracted crises are a special category requiring a similar set of related policy and operational responses.
The CFS has confronted protracted crises and, since 2015, has adopted a deliberated policy to resolve and prevent protracted crises with action grounded in practice informed by applicable norms of international law and proven good pracrtice.
See here for more information on the ongoing process of food insecurity in protracted crises in the CFS.